Attività svolta

Desidero ricevere una copia cartacea
Informativa sulla privacy
Iscrizione alla newsletter

Influenza del fluido intrauterino, del numero di transfer e dell’età della ricevente sul tasso di gravidanza in un programma di embryo transfer



1. Allen, W.; Rowson, L. Surgical and Non-Surgical Egg Transfer in Horses. J. Reprod. Fertil. Suppl. 1975, 23, 525-530.

2. Oguri, N.; Tsutsumi, Y. Non-Surgical Egg Transfer in Mares. J. Reprod. Fertil. 1974, 41, 313-320.

3. Squires, E.L. Perspectives on the Development and Incorporation of Assisted Reproduction in the Equine Industry. Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 2019, 31, 1753-1757.

4. Iuliano, M.; Squires, E. Embryo Transfer in Two-Year-Old Donor Mares. Theriogenology 1985, 24, 647-654.

5. Squires, E. Current Reproductive Technologies Impacting Equine Embryo Production. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2020, 89, 102981.

6. McCue, P.; Squires, E. Equine Embryo Transfer; Teton New Media: Jackson, WY, USA, 2015.

7. Viana, J.H.M. 2020 Statistics of Embryo Production and Transfer in Domestic Farm Animals. Available online:

8. Panzani, D.; Vannozzi, I.; Marmorini, P.; Rota, A.; Camillo, F. Factors Affecting Recipients’ Pregnancy, Pregnancy Loss, and Foaling Rates in a Commercial Equine Embryo Transfer Program. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2016, 37, 17-23.

9. Carnevale, E.M.; Ramirez, R.J.; Squires, E.L.; Alvarenga, M.A.; Vanderwall, D.K.; Mccue, P.M. Factors Affecting Pregnancy Rate and Early Embryonic Death after Equine Embryo Transfer. Theriogenology 2000, 54, 965-979.

10. Cuervo-Arango, J.; Claes, A.N.; Stout, T.A.E. Small Day 8 Equine Embryos Cannot Be Rescued by a Less Advanced Recipient Mare Uterus. Theriogenology 2019, 126, 36-40.

11. Cuervo-Arango, J.; Claes, A.N.; Ruijter-Villani, M.; Stout, T.A. Likelihood of Pregnancy after Embryo Transfer Is Reduced in Recipient Mares with a Short Preceding Oestrus. Equine Vet. J. 2018, 50, 386-390.

12. Fanelli, D.; Tesi, M.; Ingallinesi, M.; Camillo, F.; Panzani, D. Recipients’ Pregnancy Rate Was Affected by Season but Not by the Temperature-Humidity Index (THI) in an Equine Commercial ET Programme in Southern Europe. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 2022, 57, 343-348.

13. Riera, F. General Techniques and Organization of Large Commercial Embryo Transfer Programs. Clin. Theriogenology 2011, 3, 318-324.

14. Okada, C.T.C.; Segabinazzi, L.G.; Crespilho, A.M.; Dell’Aqua, J.A.; Alvarenga, M.A. Effect of the Flunixin Meglumine on Pregnancy Rates in an Equine Embryo Transfer Program. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2018, 62, 40-43.

15. Allen, W.R.; Brown, L.; Wright, M.; Wilsher, S. Reproductive Efficiency of Flatrace and National Hunt Thoroughbred Mares and Stallions in England. Equine Vet. J. 2007, 39, 438-445.

16. Nath, L.C.; Anderson, G.A.; McKinnon, A.O. Reproductive Efficiency of Thoroughbred and Standardbred Horses in North-East Victoria. Aust. Vet. J. 2010, 88, 169-175.

17. Scoggin, C.F. Not Just a Number: Effect of Age on Fertility, Pregnancy and Offspring Vigour in Thoroughbred Brood-Mares. Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 2015, 27, 872-879.

18. Bosh, K.A.; Powell, D.; Shelton, B.; Zent, W. Reproductive Performance Measures among Thoroughbred Mares in Central Kentucky, during the 2004 Mating Season. Equine Vet. J. 2009, 41, 883-888.

19. Marinone, A.I.; Losinno, L.; Fumuso, E.; Rodríguez, E.M.; Redolatti, C.; Cantatore, S.; Cuervo-Arango, J. The Effect of Mare’s Age on Multiple Ovulation Rate, Embryo Recovery, Post-Transfer Pregnancy Rate, and Interovulatory Interval in a Commercial Embryo Transfer Program in Argentina. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 2015, 158, 53-59.

20. Hartman, D.L. Embryo Transfer. In Equine Reproduction; McKinnon, A.O., Squires, E.L., Vaala, W.E., Verner, D.D., Eds.; Wiley-Blackwell: Ames, IA, USA, 2011; pp. 2871-2879.

21. Squires, E.L.; Mccue, P.M.; Vanderwall, D. The current status of equine embryo transfer. Theriogenology 1999, 51, 91-104.

22. Riera, F. Systematic Approach to Efficiency Problems in an Embryo Transfer Program. In Proceedings of the SFT—Theriogenology Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI, USA, 13 August 2011.

23. Riera, F.L.; McDonough, J. Commercial Embryo Transfer in Polo Ponies in Argentina. Equine Vet. J. 1993, 25, 116-118.

24. Pycock, J.F. Treatment of Fluid Accumulation. In Equine Reproduction; Mc Kinnon, A.O., Squires, E., Vaala, W., Varner, D., Eds.; Wiley-Blackwell: Ames, IA, USA, 2011; pp. 2655-2664.

25. Allen, W.; Pycock, J. Cyclical Accumulation of Uterine Fluid in Mares with Lowered Resistance to Endometritis. Vet. Rec. 1988, 122, 489-490.

26. Brinsko, S.; Blanchard, T.L.; Varner, D.; Schumacher, J.; Love, C.C. Manual of Equine Reproduction; Mosby Elsevier: Maryland Heights, MO, USA, 2011.

27. LeBlanc, M.; Mc Kinnon, A. Breeding the Problem Mare. In Equine Reproduction; Mc Kinnon, A., Squires, E., Vaala, W., Varner, D., Eds.; Wiley-Blackwell: Ames, IA, USA, 2011; pp. 2620-2641.

28. Brinsko, S.P.; Rigby, S.L.; Varner, D.D.; Blanchard, T.L. A Practical Method for Recognizing Mares Susceptible to Post-Breeding Endometritis. Proc. Am. Assoc. Equine Pract. 2003, 49, 363-365.

29. Freccero, F.; Mislei, B.; Bucci, D.; Dondi, F.; Mari, G. Effects of Intra-Uterine Fluid Accumulation after Artificial Insemination on Luteal Function in Mares. Animals 2022, 13, 67.

30. Adams, G.P.; Kastelic, J.P.; Bergfelt, D.R.; Ginther, O.J. Effect of Uterine Inflammation and Ultrasonically-Detected Uterine Pathology on Fertility in the Mare. J. Reprod. Fertil. Suppl. 1987, 35, 445-454.

31. Claes, A.; Cuervo-Arango, J.; van den Broek, J.; Galli, C.; Colleoni, S.; Lazzari, G.; Deelen, C.; Beitsma, M.; Stout, T.A. Factors Affecting the Likelihood of Pregnancy and Embryonic Loss after Transfer of Cryopreserved in Vitro Produced Equine Embryos. Equine Vet. J. 2019, 51, 446-450.

32. Baker, C.B.; Little, T.V.; McDowell, K.J. The Live Foaling Rate per Cycle in Mares. Equine Vet. J. 2010, 25, 28-30.

33. Morris, L.H.A.; Allen, W.R. Reproductive Efficiency of Intensively Managed Thoroughbred Mares in Newmarket. Equine Vet. J.2002, 34, 51-60.

34. Catandi, G.D.; Obeidat, Y.M.; Broeckling, C.D.; Chen, T.W.; Chicco, A.J.; Carnevale, E.M. Equine Maternal Aging Affects Oocyte Lipid Content, Metabolic Function and Developmental Potential. Reproduction 2021, 161, 399-409.

35. Barbacini, S.; Necchi, D.; Zavaglia, G.; Squires, E.L. Retrospective Study on the Incidence of Postinsemination Uterine Fluid in Mares Inseminated With Frozen/Thawed Semen. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2003, 23, 493.

36. Woodward, E.M.; Christoffersen, M.; Campos, J.; Squires, E.L.; Troedsson, M.H.T. Susceptibility to Persistent Breeding-Induced Endometritis in the Mare: Relationship to Endometrial Biopsy Score and Age, and Variations between Seasons. Theriogenology 2012, 78, 495-501.

37. Vogelsang, S.G.; Vogelsang, M.M. Influence of Donor Parity and Age on the Success of Commercial Equine Embryo Transfer. Equine Vet. J. 2010, 21, 71-72.

38. Carnevale, E.M.; Griffin, P.G.; Ginther, O.J. Age-Associated Subfertility before Entry of Embryos into the Uterus in Mares. Equine Vet. J. 1993, 25, 31-35.

39. Rambags, B.P.B.; van Boxtel, D.C.J.; Tharasanit, T.; Lenstra, J.A.; Colenbrander, B.; Stout, T.A.E. Advancing Maternal Age Predisposes to Mitochondrial Damage and Loss during Maturation of Equine Oocytes Invitro. Theriogenology 2014, 81, 959-965.

40. Ball, B.A.; Little, T.V.; Weber, J.A.; Woods, G.L. Survival of Day-4 Embryos from Young, Normal Mares and Aged, Subfertile Mares after Transfer to Normal Recipient Mares. J. Reprod. Fertil. 1989, 85, 187-194.

41. Pinto-Bravo, P.; Reborddo, M.R.; Amaral, A.; Fernandes, C.; Cuello, C.; Parrilla, I.; Martínez, E.; da Costa, R.P.R.; Skarzynski, D.J.; Ferreira-Dias, G. Is Mare Endometrosis Linked to Oviduct Fibrosis? Pferdeheilkunde 2018, 34, 43-46.

42. Carnevale, E.M.; Ginther, O.J. Relationship of Age to Uterine Function and Reproductive Efficinecy in Mares. Theriogenology 1992, 37, 1101-1115.

43. Esteller-Vico, A.; Liu, I.K.; Couto, S. Uterine Vascular Degeneration Is Present throughout the Uterine Wall of Multiparous Mares. Colinearity between Elastosis, Endometrial Grade, Age and Parity. Theriogenology 2012, 78, 1078-1084.

44. Dubrovskaya, A.B.; Lebedeva, L.F.; Schukis, K.A. Comparative Histomorphological Characteristics of the Endometrium of Young and Aged Mares in Estrus and Diestrus. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 2019, 341, 012067.

45. Riera, F.L. Equine Embryo Tranfer. In Equine Breeding Management and Artificial Insemination; Samper, J.C., Ed.; Saunders Elsevier: St. Louis, MO, USA, 2009; pp. 185-199.

46. McKinnon, A.O.; McCue, P.M. Uterine Abnormalities. In Equine Reproduction; McKinnon, A.O., Squires, E.L., Vaala, W.E., Varner, D.D., Eds.; Wiley-Blackwell: Ames, IA, USA, 2011; pp. 2137-2161.

47. Katila, T.; Ferreira-Dias, G. Evolution of the Concepts of Endometrosis, Post Breeding Endometritis, and Susceptibility of Mares. Animals 2022, 12, 779.

48. Pycock, J.F.; Newcombe, J.R. The Relationship between Intraluminal Uterine Fluid, Endometritis and Pregnancy Rate in the Mare. Equine Pract. 1996, 18, 19-22.

49. Pycock, J.F. Breeding Management of the Problem Mare. In Equine Breeding Management and Artificial Insemination; Samper, J.C., Ed.; Saunders Elsevier: St Louis, MO, USA, 2009; pp. 139-164.

50. Reilas, T.; Katila, T.; Makela, O.; Huhtinen, M.; Koskinen, E. Intrauterine Fluid Accumulation in Oestrous Mares. Acta Vet. Scand. 1997, 38, 69-78.

51. McKinnon, A.O.; Squires, E.L.; Carnevale, E.M.; Harrison, L.A.; Frantz, D.D.; McChesney, A.E.; Shideler, R.K. Diagnostic Ultrasonography of Uterine Pathology in the Mare. Proc. Am. Assoc. Equine Pract. 1987, 605-622.

52. LeBlanc, M.M.; Neuwirth, L.; Asbury, A.C.; Tran, T.; Mauragis, D.; Klapstein, E. Scintigraphic Measurement of Uterine Clearance in Normal Mares and Mares with Recurrent Endometritis. Equine Vet. J. 1994, 26, 109-113.

53. Mckinnon, A.O.; Squires, E.L.; Shideler, R.K. Diagnostic Ultrasonography of the Mare’s Reproductive Tract. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 1988, 8, 329-333.

54. Camargo, C.E.; Weiss, R.R.; Kozicki, L.E.; Duarte, M.P.; Garcia Duarte, M.C.; Lunelli, D.; Weber, S.; de Abreu, R.A. Some Factors Affecting the Rate of Pregnancy after Embryo Transfer Derived from the Brazilian Jumper Horse Breed. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2013, 33, 924-929.

55. Squires, E.L. Embryo Transfer Challenges and Perspectives Transferência de Embriões: Desafios e Perspectivas. Rev. Bras. Reprod. Anim. 2013, 105-107.

56. Carnevale, E.M. The Mare Model for Follicular Maturation and Reproductive Aging in the Woman. Theriogenology 2008, 69, 23-30.

57. Uliani, R.C.; Ramires Neto, C.; Dell’Aqua, J.; Pessoa, M.A.; Camargo, A.L.; Alvarenga, R.; Alvarenga, M.A. Effect of Mare Breed and Age on Embryo Transfer Efficiency. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 2010, 121, 303-304.

58. Carney, N.J.; Squires, E.L.; Cook, V.M.; Seidel, G.E.; Jasko, D.J. Comparison of Pregnancy Rates from Transfer of Fresh versus Cooled, Transported Equine Embryos. Theriogenology 1991, 36, 23-31.


Abbonati per accedere

Dal web internazionale

Dolore e disfunzione cervicale equina: patologia, diagnosi e trattamento

L'interesse per il rachide cervicale come causa di dolore o disfunzione sta diventando sempre più importante per molti ippiatri. Molti cavalli vengono infatti visitati per scarse prestazioni, mentre altri presenteranno comportamenti anomali, talora pericolosi.


Formazione a distanza


Corsi FAD per ippiatri:

- Le micosi delle tasche gutturali

- Ciclo estrale e diagnosi di gravidanza

- Iter diagnostico del cavallo in colica


I corsi, che non erogano crediti formativi, sono accessibili dalla piattaforma e-learning nella sezione "Eventi non accreditati"