1. Couëtil LL, Cardwell JM, GerberV et coll. Inflammatory airway disease of horses: revised consensus statement. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2016;30:503-515.
2. Lavoie JP. Is the time primed for equine asthma? Equine Vet. Educ. 2015;27:225-226.
3. Robinson NE. International workshop on equine chronic airway disease. Equine Vet. J. 2001;33:5-19.
4. Couëtil LL, Hoffman AM, Hodgson J et coll. Inflammatory airway disease of horses. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2007;21:356-361. 5. Robinson NE. Inflammatory airway disease: defining the syndrome. Conclusions of the Havemeyer workshop. Equine Vet. Educ. 2003;15:61-63.
6.Ramseyer A, Gaillard C, Burger D et coll. Effects of genetic and environmental factors on chronic lower airway disease in horses. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2007;21:149-156.
7. Pirie RS. Recurrent airway obstruction: a review. Equine Vet. J. 2014;46:276-288.
8. Berndt A, Derksen FJ, Edward Robinson N. Endotoxin concentrations within the breathing zone of horses are higher in stables than on pasture. Vet. J. 2010;183:54-57.
9.McGorum BC, Ellison J, Cullen RT. Total and respirable airborne dust endotoxin concentrations in three equine management systems. Equine Vet. J. 1998;30:430-434.
10. Fleming K, Hessel EF, Van den Weghe HFA. Generation of airborne particles from different bedding materials used for horse keeping. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2008;28:408-418.
11. Fleming K, Hessel EF, Van den Weghe HFA. Gas and particle concentrations in horse stables with individual boxes as a function of the bedding material and the mucking regimen. J. Anim. Sci. 2009;87:3805-3816.
12. Kwiatkowska-Stenzel A, Witkowska D, Sowi´nska J et coll.The effect of stable bedding materials on dust levels, microbial air contamination and equine respiratory health. Res. Vet. Sci. 2017;115:523-529.
13. Saastamoinen M, Särkijärvi S, Hyyppä S. Reducing respiratory health risks to horses and workers: a comparison of two stall bedding materials. Animals. 2015;5:965-977.
14.Seedorf J, Schröder M, Köhler L et coll.Suitability of biocompost as a bedding material for stabled horses: respiratory hygiene and management practicalities. Equine Vet. J. 2007;39:129-135.
15.Clements JM, Pirie RS. Respirable dust concentrations in equine stables. Part 2: the benefits of soaking hay and optimising the environment in a neighbouring stable. Res. Vet. Sci. 2007;83:263-268.
16.Samadi S, Wouters IM, Houben R et coll. Exposure to inhalable dust, endotoxins, β(1->3)-glucans, and airborne microorganisms in horse stables. Ann. Occup. Hyg. 2009;53:595-603.
17. Whittaker AG, Hughes KJ, ParkinTDH et coll. Concentrations of dust and endotoxin in equine stabling. Vet. Rec. 2009;165:293-295.
18. Ivester KM, Couëtil LL, Moore GE et coll. Environmental exposures and airway inflammation in young Thoroughbred horses. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2014;28:918-924.
19. Rosenthal FS, Gruntman A, Couetil LL. A comparison of total, respirable, and real-time airborne particulate sampling in horse barns. J. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 2006;3:599-605.
20. Millerick-May ML, KarmausW, Derksen FJ et coll. Particle mapping in stables at an American Thoroughbred racetrack. Equine Vet. J. 2011;43:599-607.
21. Riihimäki M, Raine A, Elfman L et coll. Markers of respiratory inflammation in horses in relation to seasonal changes in air quality in a conventional racing stable. Can. J.Vet. Res. 2008;72:432.
22. Ivester KM, Smith K, Moore GE et coll. Variability in particulate concentrations in a horse training barn over time. Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 2012;(43):51-56.
23. Woods PS, Robinson NE, Swanson MC et coll. Airborne dust and aeroallergen concentration in a horse stable under two different management systems. Equine Vet. J. 1993;25:208-213.
24.Clements JM, Pirie RS. Respirable dust concentrations in equine stables. Part 1: validation of equipment and effect of various management systems. Res. Vet. Sci. 2007;83:256-262.
25. Séguin V, Lemauviel-Lavenant S, Garon D et coll. Effect of agricultural and environmental factors on the hay characteristics involved in equine respiratory disease. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 2010;135:206-215.
26.Holcombe SJ, Jackson C, GerberV et coll. Stabling is associated with airway inflammation in young Arabian horses. Equine Vet. J. 2001;33:244-249.
27. Millerick-May ML, Karmaus W, Derksen FJ et coll. Local airborne particulate concentration is associated with visible tracheal mucus in Thoroughbred racehorses. Equine Vet. J. 2013;45:85-90.
28. Millerick-May ML, Karmaus W, Derksen FJ et coll. Airborne particulates (PM10) and tracheal mucus: a case-control study at an American Thoroughbred racetrack. Equine Vet. J. 2015;47:410-414.
29. Ivester KM, Couëtil LL, Moore GE. An observational study of environmental exposures, airway cytology, and performance in racing Thoroughbreds. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2018;32:1754-1762.
30. Dauvillier J, Woort F, Van ErckWestergren E. Fungi in respiratory samples of horses with inflammatory airway disease. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2019;33:968-975.
31.Wasko AJ, Barkema HW, Nicol J et coll. Evaluation of a risk-screening questionnaire to detect equine lung inflammation: results of a large field study. Equine Vet. J. 2011;43:145-152.
32. Robinson NE, Karmaus W, Holcombe SJ et coll. Airway inflammation in Michigan pleasure horses: prevalence and risk factors. Equine Vet. J. 2006;38:293-299.
33. Pirie RS, Collie DDS, Dixon PM et coll. Inhaled endotoxin and organic dust particulates have synergistic proinflammatory effects in equine heaves (organic dust-induced asthma). Clin. Exp. Allergy. 2003;33:676-683.
34. Pirie RS, Collie DDS, Dixon PM et coll. Evaluation of nebulised hay dust suspensions (HDS) for the diagnosis and investigation of heaves. 2: Effects of inhaled HDS on control and heaves horses. Equine Vet. J. 2002;34:337-342.
35. Pirie RS, Dixon PM, McGorum BC. Endotoxin contamination contributes to the pulmonary inflammatory and functional response to Aspergillus fumigatus extract inhalation in heaves horses. Clin. Exp. Allergy. 2003;33:1183-1189.
36. Pirie RS, Dixon PM, Collie DDS et coll.Pulmonary and systemic effects of inhaled endotoxin in control and heaves horses. Equine Vet. J. 2001;33:311-318.
37. Pirie RS, Dixon PM, McGorum BC. Evaluation of nebulised hay dust suspensions (HDS) for the diagnosis and investigation of heaves. 3: Effect of fractionation of HDS. Equine Vet. J. 2002;34:343-347.
38.Jackson CA, Berney C, Jefcoat AM et coll. Environment and prednisone interactions in the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction (heaves). Equine Vet. J. 2000;32:432-438.
39. Leclere M, Lefebvre-Lavoie J, Beauchamp G et coll. Efficacy of oral prednisolone and dexamethasone in horses with recurrent airway obstruction in the presence of continuous antigen exposure: prednisolone in RAO. Equine Vet. J. 2010;42:316-321.
40. Cesarini C, Hamilton E, PicandetV et coll.Theophylline does not potentiate the effects of a low dose of dexamethasone in horses with recurrent airway obstruction. Equine Vet. J. 2006;38:570-573.
41.Wålinder R, Riihimäki M, Bohlin S et coll. Installation of mechanical ventilation in a horse stable: effects on air quality and human and equine airways. Environ. Health Prev. Med. 2011;16:264-272.
42. Siegers EW, Anthonisse M, Eerdenburg FJCM et coll. Effect of ionization, bedding, and feeding on air quality in a horse stable. J.Vet. Intern. Med. 2018;32:1234-1240.
43. Kirschvink N, Di Silvestro F, Sbaï I et coll. The use of cardboard bedding material as part of an environmental control regime for heaves-affected horses:in vitro assessment of airborne dust and aeroallergen concentration and in vivo effects on lung function. Vet. J. 2002;163:319-325.
44. Moore-Colyer MJS, Taylor JLE, James R. The effect of steaming and soaking on the respirable particle, bacteria, mould, and nutrient content in hay for horses. J. Equine Vet. Sci. 2016;39:62-68.
45. Moore-Colyer MJS, Lumbis K, Longland A et coll. The effect of five different wetting treatments on the nutrient content and microbial concentration in hay for horses. PloS One. 2014;9:e114079.
46. Orard M, Hue E, Couroucé A et coll. The influence of hay steaming on clinical signs and airway immune response in severe asthmatic horses. BMC Vet. Res. 2018;14:345.
47. Jochmans-Lemoine A, Picotte K, Beauchamps G et coll. Effects of a propriety oiled mixed hay feeding system on lung function, neutrophilic airway inflammation, and oxidative stress in severe asthmatic horses. Equine Vet. J. 2019, doi: 10.1111/evj.13218.TORNA INDIETRO
La malattia del Theiler (epatite sierosa o necrosi epatica acuta idiopatica) è stata a lungo sospettata di avere un'eziologia virale. Quattro virus sono stati descritti in associazione con l'epatite nel cavallo.
Corsi FAD per ippiatri:
- Le micosi delle tasche gutturali
- Ciclo estrale e diagnosi di gravidanza
- Iter diagnostico del cavallo in colica
I corsi, che non erogano crediti formativi, sono accessibili dalla piattaforma e-learning nella sezione "Eventi non accreditati"